Nikon introduces a high-performance DSLR that gives creative photographers everything they want from a full-frame camera—and more. A reliable partner for bold creators everywhere, the D780 nails stills or movies with equal brilliance.
The tough D780 boasts a fast, dedicated Hybrid-AF system for Live View shooting, and a fast, powerful 51-point Phase-Detection AF system for viewfinder shooting. When shooting in Live View, photographers and moviemakers benefit from the same AF system as found in the acclaimed Nikon Z 6 mirrorless camera. Users can lock onto expressions with Eye-Detection AF and take advantage of low-light AF, which powers reliable subject acquisition all the way down to -6 EV. Photographers shooting through the viewfinder benefit from flagship tracking performance, and quick switching between advanced AF modes.
Fast burst rates add to the versatility of this camera: up to 7 fps in viewfinder shooting, and 12 fps in Silent Photography mode during Live View shooting. Other notable features include the blazing maximum shutter speed of 1/8000 s, which gives photographers the flexibility to sync with Nikon Speedlights. Or they can stretch time all the way to 900 s, perfect for capturing dramatic light trails and nightscapes.
Movie shooters will love the quality of the footage they can achieve with the D780. The camera uses its 6K image sensor resolution to produce ultra-high-resolution 4K/UHD footage at 30p/25p/24p with zero crop factor. Videographers can also use an external movie recorder to capture rich HLG HDR footage, which can be shown directly on a compatible TV or monitor.
Summary of key features
VIEWFINDER AF. The 51-point Phase-Detection AF system is sensitive down to -3 EV. You get flagship tracking capabilities and quick switching between advanced AF modes.
AF IN LIVE VIEW. The 273-point Hybrid-AF system is sensitive down to -4 EV, or down to -6 EV in Low-Light AF.1 Eye-Detection AF is available when shooting stills.
BURST RATES UP TO 12 FPS. Shoot at up to 7 fps with AF/AE, or up to 12 fps in Silent Live View Photography mode. Users get full resolution images, even when shooting in RAW.
OPTICAL VIEWFINDER AND TILTING TOUCHSCREEN. The 0.70x optical viewfinder gives a wide field of view and 100% coverage. The tilting 2359k-dot LCD monitor offers touch shutter release and AF.
SUPERB IMAGE QUALITY. F-mount lenses. 24.5 MP full-frame CMOS sensor. EXPEED 6 image processor. The same 180K-pixel RGB sensor and Advanced Scene Recognition system as the D850.
ULTRA-WIDE ISO RANGE. The D780 boasts a wider ISO range than the acclaimed D850. Work with ISO 100–51200, extendable up to 204800 and down to ISO 50.
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Single-lens reflex digital camera
Nikon F mount (with AF coupling and AF contacts)
Effective angle of view
Nikon FX format
FX, CMOS, 35.9 mm x 23.9 mm
Image sensor cleaning, Image Dust Off reference data (Capture NX-D software required)
Image size (pixels)
FX (36x24) image area: (L)6048, x4024 (24.3million), (M)4528, x3016 (13.7million), (S)3024, x2016 (6.1million). DX (24x16) image area: (L)3936, x2624 (10.3million), (M)2944, x1968 (5.8million), (S)1968, x1312 (2.6million). 1:1 (24x24) image area: (L)4016, x4016 (16.1million), (M)3008, x3008 (9.0million), (S)2000, x2000 (4.0million). 16:9 (36x20) image area: (L)6048, x3400 (20.6million), (M)4528, x2544 (11.5million), (S)3024, x1696 (5.1million). Photographs taken while filming movies at a frame size of 3840 x 2160: 3840 x 2160 Photographs taken while filming movies at other frame sizes: 1920 x 1080
Storage file formats
NEF (RAW): 12 or 14 bit (lossless compressed or compressed), JPEG: JPEG-Baseline compliant with fine (approx. 1:4), normal (approx. 1:8), or basic (approx. 1:16) compression; size-priority and optimal-quality compression available, NEF (RAW)+JPEG: Single photograph recorded in both NEF (RAW) and JPEG formats
FX: Approx. 100% horizontal and 100% vertical, DX: Approx. 97% horizontal and 97% vertical, 1:1: Approx. 97% horizontal and 100% vertical, 16:9: Approx. 100% horizontal and 97% vertical
Approx. 0.7x (50 mm f/1.4 lens at infinity, -1.0 m-¹)
21 mm (-1.0 m-¹; from center surface of viewfinder eyepiece lens)
-3 to +1 m-¹
Type B BriteView Clear Matte Mark VIII screen (with AF-area brackets; framing grid can be displayed)
Yes, pressing Pv button stops lens aperture down to value selected by user (A and M modes) or by camera (P and S modes)
Instant return, electronically controlled
Types G, E, and D (some restrictions apply to PC lenses), other AF NIKKOR lenses (excluding IX NIKKOR lenses and lenses for the F3AF), AI-P NIKKOR lenses DX lenses (using [DX (24 × 16)] image area), non-CPU AI lenses (modes A and M only), during viewfinder photography, the electronic rangefinder can be used with lenses that have a maximum aperture of f/5.6 or faster. With lenses that have a maximum aperture of f/8 or faster, the electronic rangefinder supports 11 focus points.
Up to 7 fps. CL: 1 to 6 fps (viewfinder photography); 1 to 3 fps (live view photography). CH: 7 fps; when shooting NEF/RAW pictures during silent photography, either 8 fps (bit depth 14 bits) or 12 fps (bit depth 12 bits) QC: 3 fps
2 s, 5 s, 10 s, 20 s; 1 to 9 exposures at intervals of 0.5, 1, 2, or 3 s
Viewfinder photography: TTL exposure metering using RGB sensor with approximately 180K (180,000) pixels; Live view: TTL exposure metering performed by image sensor
Matrix: 3D color matrix metering III (type G, E, and D lenses); color matrix metering III (other CPU lenses); color matrix metering available with non-CPU lenses if user provides lens data Center-weighted: Weight of 75% given to 12 mm circle in center of frame; diameter of circle can be changed to 8, 15, or 20 mm, or weighting can be based on average of entire frame (non-CPU and AF-S Fisheye NIKKOR 8-15mm f/3.5-4.5E ED lenses use 12-mm circle); Spot: Meters circle approximately 4 mm in diameter (about 1.5% of frame) centered on selected focus point (on center focus point when non-CPU or AF-S Fisheye NIKKOR 8-15mm f/3.5-4.5E ED lens is used); Highlight-weighted: Available with type G, E, and D lenses
Metering range (ISO 100, f/1.4 lens, 20 °C/68 °F)
Matrix and center-weighted metering: -3 to +20 EV; Spot metering: 2 to 20 EV; Highlight-weighted metering: 0 to 20 EV
Exposure meter coupling
Auto, P: programmed auto with flexible program, S: shutter-priority auto, A: aperture-priority auto, M: manual EFCT, Special effects modes: night vision; super vivid; pop; photo illustration; toy camera effect; miniature effect; selective color; silhouette; high key; low key U1 and U2: user settings
–5 to +5EV; -3 to +3 EV when filming movies (choose from step sizes of 1/3 and 1/2 EV) available in P, S, A, M, and EFCT modes
Luminosity locked at detected value
ISO 100 to 51200 (choose from step sizes of 1/3 and 1/2 EV); can also be set to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, or 1 EV (ISO 50 equivalent) below ISO 100, or to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 1, or 2 EV (ISO 204800 equivalent) above ISO 51200; auto ISO sensitivity control available (Recommended Exposure Index)
Can be selected from Auto, Extra high, High, Normal, Low, or Off
Viewfinder photography: TTL phase detection performed using Advanced Multi-CAM 3500 II autofocus sensor module with support for 51 focus points (including 15 cross-type sensors; f/8 supported by 11 sensors); autofocus fine-tuning supported Live view: Hybrid phase-detection/contrast-detect AF performed by image sensor; autofocus fine-tuning supported
Viewfinder photography¹: -3 to +19 EV; Live view²: -5 to +19 EV; -7 to +19 EV with low-light AF
Single-servo AF (AF-S), Continuous-servo AF (AF-C), AF mode auto-switch (AF-A, still photography only), full-time AF (AF-F, movie recording only); predictive focus tracking activated automatically according to subject status, Manual focus (M): Electronic rangefinder can be used
Viewfinder photography: 51 points with [All points] selected for Custom Setting a6 [Focus points used], 11 points with [Every other point] selected, Live view³: 273 points with [All points] selected for Custom Setting a6 [Focus points used], 77 points with [Every other point] selected
Viewfinder photography: Single-point AF, 9-, 21-, or 51- point dynamic-area AF, 3D-tracking, group-area AF, auto-area AF Live view: Pinpoint AF (still photography only, single-servo AF/AF-S), single-point AF, dynamic-area AF (still photography only, continuous-servo AF/AF-C), wide-area AF (S), wide-area AF (L), auto-area AF
Focus can be locked by pressing shutter-release button halfway (single-servo AF/AF-S) or by pressing AE-L/AF-L button
Viewfinder photography: TTL flash control performed by RGB sensor with approximately 180K (180,000) pixels; Live view photography: TTL flash control performed by image sensor i-TTL balanced fill flash for digital SLR available with matrix, center-weighted, and highlight-weighted metering; standard i-TTL fill-flash for digital SLR available with spot metering
Front-curtain sync, red-eye reduction, slow sync, red-eye reduction with slow sync, rear-curtain sync, off
–3 to +1 EV (choose from step sizes of 1/3 and 1/2 EV) available in P, S, A, and M modes
Lights when optional flash unit is fully charged; flashes after flash is fired at full output
ISO 518 hot-shoe with sync and data contacts and safety lock
Nikon Creative Lighting System
i-TTL flash control, radio-controlled Advanced Wireless Lighting, optical Advanced Wireless Lighting, modeling illumination, FV lock, Color Information Communication, auto FP high-speed sync, AF-assist for multi-area AF (viewfinder photography), unified flash control
Auto (3 types), natural light auto, direct sunlight, cloudy, shade, incandescent, fluorescent (7 types), flash, choose color temperature (2500 K to 10,000 K), preset manual (up to 6 values can be stored, spot white balance measurement available during live view photography), all except choose color temperature with fine-tuning
White balance bracketing
Exposure and/or flash, white balance, and ADL
Live View - Modes
Photo live view, Movie live view
Movie - metering
TTL metering using camera image sensor
Movie - metering method
Matrix, center-weighted, or highlight-weighted
Movie - frame size (pixels) and frame rate
3840 x 2160 (4K UHD); 30p (progressive), 25p, 24p 1920 x 1080; 120p, 100p, 60p, 50p, 30p, 25p, 24p 1920 x 1080 (slow-motion); 30p x4, 25p x4, 24p x5⁴. Actual frame rates for 120p, 100p, 60p, 50p, 30p, 25p, and 24p are 119.88, 100, 59.94, 50, 29.97, 25, and 23.976 fps respectively
Movie - file format
Movie - video compression
H.264/MPEG-4 Advanced Video Coding
Movie - audio recording format
Linear PCM, AAC
Movie - audio recording device
Built-in stereo or external microphone with attenuator option; sensitivity adjustable
Movie - ISO sensitivity
Manual selection (ISO 100 to 51200); choose from step sizes of 1/3 and 1/2 EV) with additional options available equivalent to approximately 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 1, or 2 EV (ISO 204800 equivalent) above ISO 51200; auto ISO sensitivity control (ISO 100 to Hi 2) available with selectable upper limit
Movie - Other options
Time-lapse movie recording, electronic vibration reduction, time codes, logarithmic (N-Log) and HDR (HLG) movie output
8-cm (3.2–in.), approx. 2359k-dot (XGA) tilting TFT touch-sensitive LCD with 170° viewing angle, approximately 100% frame coverage, 11-level manual brightness adjustment, and color balance control
Full-frame and thumbnail (4, 9, or 72 images or calendar) playback with playback zoom, playback zoom cropping, movie playback, photo and/or movie slide shows, histogram display, highlights, photo information, location data display, picture rating, auto image rotation, and index marking
Type C connector (SuperSpeed USB); connection to built-in USB port is recommended
Type C HDMI connector
Stereo mini-pin jack (3.5 mm diameter; plug-in power supported)
Stereo mini-pin jack (3.5 mm diameter)
Built-in (can be used with accessories such as the MC-DC2 remote cord)
Wi-Fi (Wireless LAN) standards
IEEE 802.11b/g/n/a/ac, 2412 to 2462 MHz (channel 11) and 5180 to 5320 MHz, 2.4 GHz band: 2.9 dBm, 5 GHz band: 8.7 dBm, Open system, WPA2-PSK
Bluetooth Specification Version 4.2, Bluetooth: 2402 to 2480 MHz, Bluetooth Low Energy: 2402 to 2480 MHz, Bluetooth: –2.6 dBm, Bluetooth Low Energy: –4.1 dBm; Range: approximately 10 m (32 ft)⁵
One EN-EL15b rechargeable Li-ion battery⁶
EH-5d/EH-5c/EH-5b AC adapter; requires EP-5B power connector (available separately)
1/4–in. (ISO 1222)
Dimensions (W x H x D)
Approx. 143.5 x 115.5 x 76 mm (5.7 x 4.6 x 3 in.)
Approx. 840 g (1 lb. 13.7 oz.), with battery and SD memory card but without body cap; approx. 755 g/1 lb. 10.7 oz. (camera body only)
Operating environment - temperature
0 °C to 40 °C (+32 °F to 104 °F)
Operating environment - humidity
85% or less (no condensation)
BF-1B Body Cap, DK-31 Rubber Eyecup (comes attached to camera), EN-EL15b Rechargeable Li-ion Battery with Terminal Cover, MH-25a Battery Charger (comes with either an AC wall adapter or power cable of a type and shape that varies with the country or region of sale), DK-5 Eyepiece Cap, UC-E24 USB Cable, AN-DC21 Strap
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